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What Are Cataracts?

Cataracts are the result of our body’s natural ageing process. They can present in one or both eyes, clouding our vision and diminishing our ability to see.  

Around 40 years old (and onwards) the lens in our eye gradually increases in thickness and decreases in transparency and flexibility. A by-product of this gradual breakdown in the tissues within the lens is the clouding of our lens.

Who Can Develop Cataracts?

As one of the most common causes for vision loss in Canadian men and women over the age of 40, anyone can develop cataracts.  

What Are The Risk Factors for Developing Cataracts?

Any of the following situations may increase or directly cause cataracts:

  • Age
  • Family history of cataracts
  • Diabetes
  • Trauma to the head/eyes
  • Smoking tobacco products
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Prolonged exposure to bright sunlight
  • Long-term use of corticosteroids

What Are The Symptoms of Cataracts?

You may experience any combination of the following symptoms, depending on the type of cataracts you have. They include:

  • Blurry or clouded vision
  • Double vision in one eye
  • Difficulty seeing in dim lighting situations
  • Seeing halos around lights
  • Fading/yellowing of colors
  • Difficulty seeing at night

If you experience any of the above symptoms, our Optometrists recommend booking in for an eye exam as soon as possible.

How Are Cataracts Treated?

Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses can often effectively and non invasive improve vision in people with cataracts in the early development stages.

Early detection is paramount for diagnosing cataracts.If your cataracts have progressed beyond the point of correction through prescription eyewear, surgery may be an option for you.  

For the right candidate, cataract surgery offers a high success rate  for vision correction.

If you are worried that you are developing cataracts or would like to know if you are a viable surgery candidate, please book an appointment.