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Myopia (Nearsightedness)

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What is Myopia?

Myopia, often referred to as nearsightedness, is a common refractive error. Approximately a quarter of the general population may be affected. Myopic individuals see better up close than in the distance. This is because the eye improperly focuses light too strongly, causing blurred vision in the distance.

Who Can Develop Myopia?

Approximately 1 in 3 Canadians developing this condition in their lifetime.

What Are the Symptoms of Myopia?

Myopia symptoms commonly present as:

  • Difficulty seeing far away objects
  • Headaches from straining to focus
  • Eye strain from squinting to see distant objects

How is Myopia Treated?

Myopia can be effectively treated using easy, non-invasive methods.


  • Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses – Typically the first form of treatment. You may need to wear them all the time, or only when you need clear distance vision (such as driving).

    This will be determined by the severity of your myopia as assessed by our Optometrist.
  • Refractive (Laser) Eye Surgery – Has the potential to eliminate the need for any prescription eyewear.

    If surgery is a treatment option you are considering, book an Eye Surgery Consultation with our Optometrists to determine your candidacy.
  • Orthokeratology – If it turns out you are not a candidate for eye surgery, or you would like to try something else besides prescription eyewear, this is an effective non-surgical form of treatment.

    It is the use of special rigid lenses that are worn overnight. The lenses allow your eye to breathe and retain moisture while you sleep while they reshape your cornea. When you wake up, your freshly shaped cornea will allow you to see distant objects clearly for most of your day. You will need to wear the contact lenses every night.